Installation/Linux/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/Ubuntu

From OpenFOAMWiki

1 Introduction

This page is dedicated to explaining how to install OpenFOAM OF Version 171.png in Ubuntu.

If you do not yet feel comfortable using Linux, then perhaps you better first read the page Working with the Shell and train a bit with the shell/terminal environments, so you can have a better perception of the steps shown below.


2 Copy-Paste steps

A few notes before you start copy-pasting:

  1. Lines that start with # don't have to be copy-pasted. They are just comments to let you know what's going on.
  2. One wrong character is enough for breaking this guide, so make sure you can read the characters properly or that the installed language system does not break the copied characters!


2.1 Ubuntu 12.04

Here you have at least two choices:

  • You can install the Deb packages, which provide a quick and easy way for having a working installation of OpenFOAM 1.7.1. This is the quickest solution for beginners and instructions are provided here: Ubuntu Deb Pack Installation
  • You can install from source, by either:
    • Following the official instructions from here: Source Pack Installation - Caution: these instructions are outdated for Ubuntu 12.04.
    • Or by following the detailed step-by-step instructions below...


Discussion thread where you can ask questions about these steps: No thread available. Please a create a new thread in the forum.

Steps:

  1. Switch to root mode (administrator), to install the necessary packages:
    sudo -s
    • If the 'sudo' command tells you're not in the sudoers list, then run:
      su -
  2. Update the apt-get cache by running:
    apt-get update
  3. Install the necessary packages:
    apt-get install build-essential cmake flex bison zlib1g-dev gnuplot libreadline-dev \
    libncurses-dev libxt-dev gcc-4.5 g++-4.5 binutils-dev
  4. Now exit from the root mode:
    exit
  5. Download and unpack (here you can copy-paste all in single go):
    #OpenFOAM downloading and installation
    cd ~
    mkdir OpenFOAM
    cd OpenFOAM
    wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/foam/OpenFOAM-1.7.1.gtgz?use_mirror=mesh" -O OpenFOAM-1.7.1.tgz
    wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/foam/ThirdParty-1.7.1.gtgz?use_mirror=mesh" -O ThirdParty-1.7.1.tgz
     
    tar -xzf OpenFOAM-1.7.1.tgz 
    tar -xzf ThirdParty-1.7.1.tgz 
     
    cd OpenFOAM-1.7.1
     
    #fix 'settings.sh' file
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenCFD/OpenFOAM-1.7.x/master/etc/settings.sh" -O etc/settings.sh
  6. For building OpenFOAM itself, it depends on whether you have installed the i386 or x86_64 architecture of Ubuntu. To check this, run:
    uname -m

    Now, accordingly:

    • For i386:
      #update rules' files
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linuxGcc45/c" -O wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linuxGcc45/c++" -O wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c++
       
      #fix the rules' files
      sed -i -e 's/gcc/\$(WM_CC)/' wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c
      sed -i -e 's/g++/\$(WM_CXX)/' wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c++
       
      #here you can change 4 to the number of cores you've got
      FOAM_SETTINGS="WM_NCOMPPROCS=4 WM_MPLIB=OPENMPI WM_ARCH_OPTION=32"
      source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS
      export WM_CC='gcc-4.5'
      export WM_CXX='g++-4.5'
    • For x86_64:
      #update rules' files
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45/c" -O wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45/c++" -O wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c++
       
      #fix the rules' files
      sed -i -e 's/gcc/\$(WM_CC)/' wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c
      sed -i -e 's/g++/\$(WM_CXX)/' wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c++
       
      #here you can change 4 to the number of cores you've got
      FOAM_SETTINGS="WM_NCOMPPROCS=4 WM_MPLIB=OPENMPI"
      source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS
      export WM_CC='gcc-4.5'
      export WM_CXX='g++-4.5'
  7. Save an alias in the personal .bashrc file, simply by running the following commands:
    FULL_SETTINGS="$FOAM_SETTINGS; export WM_CC=gcc-4.5; export WM_CXX=g++-4.5"
    echo "alias of171='source \$HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc ${FULL_SETTINGS}'" >> $HOME/.bashrc
    unset FULL_SETTINGS
    Note: This last line means that whenever you start a new terminal window or tab, you should run the alias command associated to the OpenFOAM 1.7.1 shell environment. In other words, whenever you start a new terminal, you should run:
    of171
    
    For more information on this topic, read section Using aliases to help manage multiple OpenFOAM versions in the page Installation/Working with the Shell.
  8. Now let's build OpenFOAM:
    (Warning: this may take somewhere from 30 minutes to 6 hours, depending on your machine.)
    #Go into OpenFOAM's main source folder
    cd $WM_PROJECT_DIR
     
    # This next command will take a while... somewhere between 30 minutes to 3-6 hours.
    ./Allwmake > log.make 2>&1
     
    #Run it a second time for getting a summary of the installation
    ./Allwmake > log.make 2>&1
  9. To check if everything went well:
    1. Check if icoFoam is working, by running this command:
      icoFoam -help

      which should tell you something like this:

      Usage: icoFoam [OPTIONS]
      options:
        -case <dir>       specify alternate case directory, default is the cwd
        -noFunctionObjects
                          do not execute functionObjects
        -parallel         run in parallel
        -roots <(dir1 .. dirN)>
                          slave root directories for distributed running
        -srcDoc           display source code in browser
        -doc              display application documentation in browser
        -help             print the usage

      Note: And keep in mind that you need to be careful with the letter case of the command. It's icoFoam, not icoFOAM.

    2. If the previous command failed to work properly, then edit the file log.make and check if there are any error messages. A few examples on how you can edit this file:
      • By using kwrite:
        kwrite log.make
      • By using gedit:
        gedit log.make
      • By using nano:
        nano log.make

        You can then exit by using the key combination Ctrl+X and following any instructions it gives you.

      Note: It's the first error message that matters.

    3. If you don't understand the output, then please compress the log-file log.make and attach the compressed file to a post in the designated thread.
      If you do not know how to create a compressed file, then try one of the following examples:
      • You can compress the file with gzip by running this command:
        gzip < log.make > log.make.gz

        Then attach the resulting package file named log.make.gz to a post in the designated thread.

      • Or you can compress one or more log-files into a tarball package file, by running this command:
        tar -czf logs.tar.gz log.*

        Then attach the resulting package file named logs.tar.gz to a post in the designated thread.

    4. Instructions on how to further diagnose the issue yourself, have a look at the section Common errors when building OpenFOAM from source code in the page FAQ/Installation and Running.
  10. Now, in order to build ParaView 3.8.0 that comes with OpenFOAM, we first need to build a custom version of Qt 4.6.4:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
    mkdir -p etc/tools
     
    wget "https://raw.github.com/wyldckat/scripts4OpenFOAM3rdParty/master/getQt"
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/makeQt" -O makeQt
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/etc/tools/QtFunctions" \
      -O etc/tools/QtFunctions
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions" \
      -O etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions
     
    sed -i -e 's=\-opensource =-opensource -stl =' makeQt
     
    chmod +x getQt
    chmod +x makeQt
     
    ./getQt
     
    #fix the defaults for Qt not to use gcc or g++ by default
    sed -i -e 's/= gcc/= gcc-4.5/' qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.4/mkspecs/common/g++.conf
    sed -i -e 's/= g++/= g++-4.5/' qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.4/mkspecs/common/g++.conf
     
    ./makeQt 4.6.4 > log.mkqt 2>&1
  11. Now to build ParaView 3.8.0:
    #Fix one of the files
    sed -i -e 's=ptrdiff_t=std::ptrdiff_t=' paraview-3.8.0/VTK/Utilities/vtkmetaio/metaUtils.cxx
     
    #make sure that Qt libraries are packed along with ParaView
    echo "addCMakeVariable DEVELOPMENT_INSTALL_QT_LIBS:BOOL=ON" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
    echo "addCMakeVariable CMAKE_C_COMPILER:FILEPATH=/usr/bin/gcc-4.5" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
    echo "addCMakeVariable CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER:FILEPATH=/usr/bin/g++-4.5" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
     
    #build ParaView 3.8.0
    ./makeParaView -qmake ${WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR}/platforms/$WM_ARCH$WM_COMPILER/qt-4.6.4/bin/qmake \
      > log.mkPV 2>&1
     
    #build the OpenFOAM reader for ParaView
    export PATH=${WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR}/platforms/$WM_ARCH$WM_COMPILER/qt-4.6.4/bin:$PATH
    cd $FOAM_UTILITIES/postProcessing/graphics/PV3FoamReader
     
    #hack the file that will enforce that libOpenFOAM.so is loaded when needed
    sed -i -e 's/LIB_LIBS = /LIB_LIBS = \-lOpenFOAM /' vtkPV3Readers/Make/options
     
    ./Allwclean
    ./Allwmake
     
    #last but not least, remove the old settings file for ParaView
    rm ~/.config/ParaView/ParaView3.8.0.ini
  12. Now you can go read the User Guide, which is located at $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/doc/Guides-a4/UserGuide.pdf.


Reminder: Whenever you start a new terminal window or tab, you should run the alias command associated to the OpenFOAM 1.7.1 shell environment. In other words, run the following command whenever you start a new terminal:
of171
For more information on this topic, read section Using aliases to help manage multiple OpenFOAM versions in the page Installation/Working with the Shell.


Discussion thread where you can ask questions about these steps: No thread available. Please a create a new thread in the forum.


2.2 Ubuntu 14.04

Here you have the following choices:

  • You can install from source, by either:
    • Following the official instructions from here: Source Pack Installation - Caution: these instructions are outdated for Ubuntu 14.04.
    • Or by following the detailed step-by-step instructions below...


Discussion thread where you can ask questions about these steps: OpenFOAM v1.7.1 on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

Steps:

  1. Switch to root mode (administrator), to install the necessary packages:
    sudo -s
    • If the 'sudo' command tells you're not in the sudoers list, then run:
      su -
  2. Update the apt-get cache by running:
    apt-get update
  3. Install the necessary packages:
    apt-get install build-essential cmake flex bison zlib1g-dev gnuplot libreadline-dev \
    libncurses-dev libxt-dev gcc-4.4 g++-4.4 binutils-dev
  4. Now exit from the root mode:
    exit
  5. Download and unpack (here you can copy-paste all in single go):
    #OpenFOAM downloading and installation
    cd ~
    mkdir OpenFOAM
    cd OpenFOAM
    wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/foam/OpenFOAM-1.7.1.gtgz?use_mirror=mesh" -O OpenFOAM-1.7.1.tgz
    wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/foam/ThirdParty-1.7.1.gtgz?use_mirror=mesh" -O ThirdParty-1.7.1.tgz
     
    tar -xzf OpenFOAM-1.7.1.tgz 
    tar -xzf ThirdParty-1.7.1.tgz 
     
    cd OpenFOAM-1.7.1
     
    #fix 'settings.sh' file
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenCFD/OpenFOAM-1.7.x/master/etc/settings.sh" -O etc/settings.sh
  6. For building OpenFOAM itself, it depends on whether you have installed the i386 or x86_64 architecture of Ubuntu. To check this, run:
    uname -m

    Now, accordingly:

    • For i386:
      #update rules' files
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linuxGcc44/c" -O wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linuxGcc44/c++" -O wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c++
       
      #fix the rules' files
      sed -i -e 's/gcc/\$(WM_CC)/' wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c
      sed -i -e 's/g++/\$(WM_CXX)/' wmake/rules/linuxGcc/c++
       
      #here you can change 4 to the number of cores you've got
      FOAM_SETTINGS="WM_NCOMPPROCS=4 WM_MPLIB=OPENMPI WM_ARCH_OPTION=32"
      source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS
      export WM_CC='gcc-4.4'
      export WM_CXX='g++-4.4'
    • For x86_64:
      #update rules' files
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linux64Gcc44/c" -O wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linux64Gcc44/c++" -O wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c++
       
      #fix the rules' files
      sed -i -e 's/gcc/\$(WM_CC)/' wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c
      sed -i -e 's/g++/\$(WM_CXX)/' wmake/rules/linux64Gcc/c++
       
      #here you can change 4 to the number of cores you've got
      FOAM_SETTINGS="WM_NCOMPPROCS=4 WM_MPLIB=OPENMPI"
      source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS
      export WM_CC='gcc-4.4'
      export WM_CXX='g++-4.4'
  7. Save an alias in the personal .bashrc file, simply by running the following commands:
    FULL_SETTINGS="$FOAM_SETTINGS; export WM_CC=gcc-4.4; export WM_CXX=g++-4.4"
    echo "alias of171='source \$HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc ${FULL_SETTINGS}'" >> $HOME/.bashrc
    unset FULL_SETTINGS
    Note: This last line means that whenever you start a new terminal window or tab, you should run the alias command associated to the OpenFOAM 1.7.1 shell environment. In other words, whenever you start a new terminal, you should run:
    of171
    
    For more information on this topic, read section Using aliases to help manage multiple OpenFOAM versions in the page Installation/Working with the Shell.
  8. Now we need to repair a few issues with Scotch in the ThirdParty folder:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
    sed -i -e 's/gcc$/gcc-4.4/' scotch_5.1/src/Makefile.inc
  9. Now let's build OpenFOAM:
    (Warning: this may take somewhere from 30 minutes to 6 hours, depending on your machine.)
    #Go into OpenFOAM's main source folder
    cd $WM_PROJECT_DIR
     
    # This next command will take a while... somewhere between 30 minutes to 3-6 hours.
    ./Allwmake > log.make 2>&1
     
    #Run it a second time for getting a summary of the installation
    ./Allwmake > log.make 2>&1
  10. To check if everything went well:
    1. Check if icoFoam is working, by running this command:
      icoFoam -help

      which should tell you something like this:

      Usage: icoFoam [OPTIONS]
      options:
        -case <dir>       specify alternate case directory, default is the cwd
        -noFunctionObjects
                          do not execute functionObjects
        -parallel         run in parallel
        -roots <(dir1 .. dirN)>
                          slave root directories for distributed running
        -srcDoc           display source code in browser
        -doc              display application documentation in browser
        -help             print the usage

      Note: And keep in mind that you need to be careful with the letter case of the command. It's icoFoam, not icoFOAM.

    2. If the previous command failed to work properly, then edit the file log.make and check if there are any error messages. A few examples on how you can edit this file:
      • By using kwrite:
        kwrite log.make
      • By using gedit:
        gedit log.make
      • By using nano:
        nano log.make

        You can then exit by using the key combination Ctrl+X and following any instructions it gives you.

      Note: It's the first error message that matters.

    3. If you don't understand the output, then please compress the log-file log.make and attach the compressed file to a post in the designated thread.
      If you do not know how to create a compressed file, then try one of the following examples:
      • You can compress the file with gzip by running this command:
        gzip < log.make > log.make.gz

        Then attach the resulting package file named log.make.gz to a post in the designated thread.

      • Or you can compress one or more log-files into a tarball package file, by running this command:
        tar -czf logs.tar.gz log.*

        Then attach the resulting package file named logs.tar.gz to a post in the designated thread.

    4. Instructions on how to further diagnose the issue yourself, have a look at the section Common errors when building OpenFOAM from source code in the page FAQ/Installation and Running.
  11. Now, in order to build ParaView 3.8.0 that comes with OpenFOAM, we first need to build a custom version of Qt 4.6.4:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
    mkdir -p etc/tools
     
    wget "https://raw.github.com/wyldckat/scripts4OpenFOAM3rdParty/master/getQt"
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/makeQt" -O makeQt
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/etc/tools/QtFunctions" \
      -O etc/tools/QtFunctions
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions" \
      -O etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions
     
    sed -i -e 's=\-opensource =-opensource -stl -no-cups=' makeQt
     
    chmod +x getQt
    chmod +x makeQt
     
    ./getQt
     
    #fix the defaults for Qt not to use gcc or g++ by default
    sed -i -e 's/= gcc/= gcc-4.4/' qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.4/mkspecs/common/g++.conf
    sed -i -e 's/= g++/= g++-4.4/' qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.4/mkspecs/common/g++.conf
     
    ./makeQt 4.6.4 > log.mkqt 2>&1
  12. Now to build ParaView 3.8.0:
    #Fix one of the files
    sed -i -e 's=ptrdiff_t=std::ptrdiff_t=' paraview-3.8.0/VTK/Utilities/vtkmetaio/metaUtils.cxx
     
    #make sure that Qt libraries are packed along with ParaView
    echo "addCMakeVariable DEVELOPMENT_INSTALL_QT_LIBS:BOOL=ON" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
    echo "addCMakeVariable CMAKE_C_COMPILER:FILEPATH=/usr/bin/gcc-4.4" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
    echo "addCMakeVariable CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER:FILEPATH=/usr/bin/g++-4.4" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
     
    #make very certain that the correct Qt version is being used, by running this command:
    export QT_SELECT=qt4
     
    #build ParaView 3.8.0
    ./makeParaView -qmake ${WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR}/platforms/$WM_ARCH$WM_COMPILER/qt-4.6.4/bin/qmake \
      > log.mkPV 2>&1
     
    #build the OpenFOAM reader for ParaView
    export PATH=${WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR}/platforms/$WM_ARCH$WM_COMPILER/qt-4.6.4/bin:$PATH
    cd $FOAM_UTILITIES/postProcessing/graphics/PV3FoamReader
     
    #hack the file that will enforce that libOpenFOAM.so is loaded when needed
    sed -i -e 's/LIB_LIBS = /LIB_LIBS = \-lOpenFOAM /' vtkPV3Readers/Make/options
     
    ./Allwclean
    ./Allwmake
     
    #last but not least, remove the old settings file for ParaView
    rm ~/.config/ParaView/ParaView3.8.0.ini
  13. Now you can go read the User Guide, which is located at $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/doc/Guides-a4/UserGuide.pdf.


Reminder: Whenever you start a new terminal window or tab, you should run the alias command associated to the OpenFOAM 1.7.1 shell environment. In other words, run the following command whenever you start a new terminal:
of171
For more information on this topic, read section Using aliases to help manage multiple OpenFOAM versions in the page Installation/Working with the Shell.


Discussion thread where you can ask questions about these steps: OpenFOAM v1.7.1 on Ubuntu 14.04 LTS


2.3 Ubuntu 16.04

Here you have the following choices:

  • You can install from source, by either:
    • Following the official instructions from here: Source Pack Installation - Caution: these instructions are outdated for Ubuntu 16.04.
    • Or by following the detailed step-by-step instructions below...


Discussion thread where you can ask questions about these steps: Installation of OpenFOAM 1.7.1 on Ubuntu 16.04

Steps:

  1. Switch to root mode (administrator), to install the necessary packages:
    sudo -s
    • If the 'sudo' command tells you're not in the sudoers list, then run:
      su -
  2. Update the apt-get cache by running:
    apt-get update
  3. Install the necessary packages:
    apt-get update
    apt-get install build-essential flex bison zlib1g-dev gnuplot libreadline-dev \
    libncurses-dev libxt-dev binutils-dev libglu1-mesa-dev
  4. Now exit from the root mode:
    exit
  5. Download and unpack (here you can copy-paste all in single go):
    #OpenFOAM downloading and installation
    cd ~
    mkdir OpenFOAM
    cd OpenFOAM
    wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/foam/OpenFOAM-1.7.1.gtgz?use_mirror=mesh" -O OpenFOAM-1.7.1.tgz
    wget "http://downloads.sourceforge.net/foam/ThirdParty-1.7.1.gtgz?use_mirror=mesh" -O ThirdParty-1.7.1.tgz
     
    tar -xzf OpenFOAM-1.7.1.tgz 
    tar -xzf ThirdParty-1.7.1.tgz 
     
    cd OpenFOAM-1.7.1
     
    #fix 'settings.sh' file
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenCFD/OpenFOAM-1.7.x/master/etc/settings.sh" -O etc/settings.sh
    sed -i -e 's/gcc_version=gcc-4.5.0/gcc_version=gcc-4.5.2/' etc/settings.sh
     
    #create the necessary rules folders
    cp -r wmake/rules/linuxGcc wmake/rules/linuxGcc45
    cp -r wmake/rules/linux64Gcc wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45
     
    #fix build options
    echo 'export WM_CFLAGS="$WM_CFLAGS -I$C_INCLUDE_PATH"' >> etc/bashrc
    echo 'export WM_CXXFLAGS="$WM_CXXFLAGS -I$CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH"' >> etc/bashrc
     
    #repair Flex support
    find src applications -name "*.L" -type f | xargs sed -i -e 's=\(YY\_FLEX\_SUBMINOR\_VERSION\)=YY_FLEX_MINOR_VERSION < 6 \&\& \1='
     
    #Add support for CMake 2.8.5
    sed -i -e 's=\(cmake-2.6.4\)$=cmake-2.8.5 \1=' etc/apps/paraview3/bashrc
  6. For building OpenFOAM itself, it depends on whether you have installed the i386 or x86_64 architecture of Ubuntu. To check this, run:
    uname -m

    Now, accordingly:

    • For i386:
      #update rules' files
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linuxGcc45/c" -O wmake/rules/linuxGcc45/c
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linuxGcc45/c++" -O wmake/rules/linuxGcc45/c++
       
      #This is a hack for modern 32bit Ubuntu (http://www.lukedodd.com/?p=225)
      echo 'export LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/i386-linux-gnu:/lib/i386-linux-gnu' >> etc/prefs.sh
      echo 'export C_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/include/i386-linux-gnu' >> etc/prefs.sh
      echo 'export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/include/i386-linux-gnu' >> etc/prefs.sh
       
      #here you can change 4 to the number of cores you've got
      FOAM_SETTINGS="WM_NCOMPPROCS=4 WM_MPLIB=OPENMPI WM_ARCH_OPTION=32 WM_COMPILER=Gcc45 compilerInstall=OpenFOAM"
      source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS
    • For x86_64:
      #update rules' files
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45/c" -O wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45/c
      wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-2.1.x/master/wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45/c++" -O wmake/rules/linux64Gcc45/c++
       
      #This is a hack for modern 64-bit Ubuntu (http://www.lukedodd.com/?p=225)
      echo 'export LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu:/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu' >> etc/prefs.sh
      echo 'export C_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu' >> etc/prefs.sh
      echo 'export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/include/x86_64-linux-gnu' >> etc/prefs.sh
       
      #here you can change 4 to the number of cores you've got
      FOAM_SETTINGS="WM_NCOMPPROCS=4 WM_MPLIB=OPENMPI WM_COMPILER=Gcc45 compilerInstall=OpenFOAM"
      source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS

    Note: You probably will see a message similar to this one and it's meant to do so until we've built the custom Gcc version:

    Warning in /home/ofuser/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/settings.sh:
        Cannot find /home/ofuser/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-1.7.1/platforms/linux64/gcc-4.4.3 installation.
        Please install this compiler version or if you wish to use the system compiler,
        change the 'compilerInstall' setting to 'system' in this file
  7. Save an alias in the personal .bashrc file, simply by running the following commands:
    echo "alias of171='source \$HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS'" >> $HOME/.bashrc
    Note: This last line means that whenever you start a new terminal window or tab, you should run the alias command associated to the OpenFOAM 1.7.1 shell environment. In other words, whenever you start a new terminal, you should run:
    of171
    
    For more information on this topic, read section Using aliases to help manage multiple OpenFOAM versions in the page Installation/Working with the Shell.
  8. Now we'll have to get all of the scripts we need to build GCC and do a few changes:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
    wget "https://raw.github.com/wyldckat/scripts4OpenFOAM3rdParty/master/getGcc"
    wget "https://raw.github.com/wyldckat/ThirdParty-2.0.x/binutils/makeGcc"
    chmod +x get* make*
     
    sed -i -e 's=etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions=tools/makeThirdPartyFunctions=' makeGcc getGcc
    sed -i -e 's=\(--with-system-zlib \)=\1--disable-multilib =' makeGcc
  9. Now let's get and build Gcc 4.5.2 and company:
    ./getGcc gcc-4.5.2
    ./makeGcc gcc-4.5.2 > log.mkgcc 2>&1

    Once it's done, it's advisable to start a new terminal windows/tab and run the alias command, namely:

    of171
  10. Now let's build OpenFOAM:
    (Warning: this may take somewhere from 30 minutes to 6 hours, depending on your machine.)
    #Go into OpenFOAM's main source folder
    cd $WM_PROJECT_DIR
     
    # This next command will take a while... somewhere between 30 minutes to 3-6 hours.
    ./Allwmake > log.make 2>&1
     
    #Run it a second time for getting a summary of the installation
    ./Allwmake > log.make 2>&1
  11. To check if everything went well:
    1. Check if icoFoam is working, by running this command:
      icoFoam -help

      which should tell you something like this:

      Usage: icoFoam [OPTIONS]
      options:
        -case <dir>       specify alternate case directory, default is the cwd
        -noFunctionObjects
                          do not execute functionObjects
        -parallel         run in parallel
        -roots <(dir1 .. dirN)>
                          slave root directories for distributed running
        -srcDoc           display source code in browser
        -doc              display application documentation in browser
        -help             print the usage

      Note: And keep in mind that you need to be careful with the letter case of the command. It's icoFoam, not icoFOAM.

    2. If the previous command failed to work properly, then edit the file log.make and check if there are any error messages. A few examples on how you can edit this file:
      • By using kwrite:
        kwrite log.make
      • By using gedit:
        gedit log.make
      • By using nano:
        nano log.make

        You can then exit by using the key combination Ctrl+X and following any instructions it gives you.

      Note: It's the first error message that matters.

    3. If you don't understand the output, then please compress the log-file log.make and attach the compressed file to a post in the designated thread.
      If you do not know how to create a compressed file, then try one of the following examples:
      • You can compress the file with gzip by running this command:
        gzip < log.make > log.make.gz

        Then attach the resulting package file named log.make.gz to a post in the designated thread.

      • Or you can compress one or more log-files into a tarball package file, by running this command:
        tar -czf logs.tar.gz log.*

        Then attach the resulting package file named logs.tar.gz to a post in the designated thread.

    4. Instructions on how to further diagnose the issue yourself, have a look at the section Common errors when building OpenFOAM from source code in the page FAQ/Installation and Running.
  12. Now, in order to build ParaView 3.8.0 that comes with OpenFOAM, we first need to build a custom version of Qt 4.6.4:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
    mkdir -p etc/tools
     
    wget "https://raw.github.com/wyldckat/scripts4OpenFOAM3rdParty/master/getQt"
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/makeQt" -O makeQt
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/etc/tools/QtFunctions" \
      -O etc/tools/QtFunctions
    wget "https://raw.github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/master/etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions" \
      -O etc/tools/ThirdPartyFunctions
     
    sed -i -e 's=\-opensource =-opensource -stl =' makeQt
     
    chmod +x getQt
    chmod +x makeQt
     
    ./getQt
     
    ./makeQt 4.6.4 > log.mkqt 2>&1
  13. We need a CMake older than the one on Ubuntu 16.04, so the following commands will help build CMake 2.8.5:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
    wget "https://raw.github.com/wyldckat/scripts4OpenFOAM3rdParty/master/getCmake"
    wget "https://github.com/OpenFOAM/ThirdParty-2.1.x/raw/master/makeCmake"
    chmod +x getCmake makeCmake
     
    sed -i -e 's=version}\.3=version}.5=' getCmake
    ./getCmake
     
    sed -i -e 's=\(2\.8\)\.3=\1.5=' makeCmake
    ./makeCmake > log.mkCmake 2>&1

    And refresh the environment when completed, with either one of the following commands:

    source $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/etc/bashrc $FOAM_SETTINGS
    of171
  14. Now to build ParaView 3.8.0:
    cd $WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR
     
    #Fix one of the files
    sed -i -e 's=ptrdiff_t=std::ptrdiff_t=' paraview-3.8.0/VTK/Utilities/vtkmetaio/metaUtils.cxx
     
    #Fix OpenGL extensions to use
    sed -i -e 's=//#define GLX_GLXEXT_LEGACY=#define GLX_GLXEXT_LEGACY=' \
        paraview-3.8.0/VTK/Rendering/vtkXOpenGLRenderWindow.cxx
     
    #make sure that Qt libraries are packed along with ParaView
    echo "addCMakeVariable DEVELOPMENT_INSTALL_QT_LIBS:BOOL=ON" >> tools/makeParaViewFunctions
     
    #make sure our custom Qt binaries can easily be found for the current build
    export PATH=${WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR}/platforms/$WM_ARCH$WM_COMPILER/qt-4.6.4/bin:$PATH
     
    #build ParaView 3.8.0
    ./makeParaView -qmake ${WM_THIRD_PARTY_DIR}/platforms/$WM_ARCH$WM_COMPILER/qt-4.6.4/bin/qmake > log.mkPV 2>&1
     
    #build the OpenFOAM reader for ParaView
    cd $FOAM_UTILITIES/postProcessing/graphics/PV3FoamReader
     
    #hack the file that will enforce that libOpenFOAM.so is loaded when needed
    sed -i -e 's/LIB_LIBS = /LIB_LIBS = \-lOpenFOAM /' vtkPV3Readers/Make/options
     
    ./Allwclean
    ./Allwmake
     
    #last but not least, remove the old settings file for ParaView
    rm ~/.config/ParaView/ParaView3.8.0.ini
  15. Now you can go read the User Guide, which is located at $HOME/OpenFOAM/OpenFOAM-1.7.1/doc/Guides-a4/UserGuide.pdf.
  16. Note: If you get any problems running ParaView or paraFoam, it may very well be this error message:
    created temporary 'cavity.OpenFOAM'
    libGL error: unable to load driver: swrast_dri.so
    libGL error: failed to load driver: swrast
    X Error: BadValue (integer parameter out of range for operation) 2
      Extension:    155 (Uknown extension)
      Minor opcode: 3 (Unknown request)
      Resource id:  0x0

    which means that you'll need to do a bit of hacking, by running:

    cd $WM_PROJECT_DIR
    sed -i -e 's/\(LC_ALL=C\)/\1; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$(foamCleanPath $LD_LIBRARY_PATH gcc)/' bin/paraFoam


Reminder: Whenever you start a new terminal window or tab, you should run the alias command associated to the OpenFOAM 1.7.1 shell environment. In other words, run the following command whenever you start a new terminal:
of171
For more information on this topic, read section Using aliases to help manage multiple OpenFOAM versions in the page Installation/Working with the Shell.


Discussion thread where you can ask questions about these steps: Installation of OpenFOAM 1.7.1 on Ubuntu 16.04